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Filter by keyword: Science communication: theory and models

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Dec 14, 2020 Article
Toward an improved risk/crisis communication in this time of COVID-19 pandemic: a baseline study for Philippine local government units

by Reymund Flores and Xavier Venn Asuncion

This study mainly explores the communication preferences of the public; their level of trust in the government; and the factors affecting their risk/crisis perception amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. The key findings —derived from the data collected through an online survey and analysis using descriptive statistics, cross-tabulations, and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), provide insights on how Local Government Units (LGUs) can improve their risk/crisis communication in this current health crisis. Among the key takeaways include the use of social media platforms, like Facebook, and native/local language for effective risk/crisis communication which may, consequently, foster trust building between the LGUs and the public.

Volume 19 • Issue 07 • 2020 • Special Issue: COVID-19 and science communication, Part II, 2020

Nov 24, 2020 Commentary
Engaging with ‘activists’ and ‘alternatives’ in science communication

by Jane Gregory

‘Alternative’ and ‘activist’ are words with meanings strongly influenced by the social context of their use. Both words refer to concepts, things or people that stand in opposition to other concepts, things and people that are often taken for granted, and not elucidated. In science communication studies, ‘science’ is often an unelucidated concept. Indeed, in recent history, efforts within academia to map the perspectives on science that we might explore with the public have proven fractious, to say the least. In everyday science communication practice, however, we can readily see that there are many differing perspectives on science (and its alternatives) and on how, as the activists urge, it should (or should not) be deployed. This commentary encourages a symmetrical approach to understanding ‘alternative’ and ‘activist’ in the context of science communication, which has the potential to bring out a range of perspectives and provide a context for democratic engagement.

Volume 19 • Issue 06 • 2020

Sep 30, 2020 Article
Pharmaceutical influencers on Instagram and their communication during the Covid-19 pandemic crisis

by Zahaira Fabiola González Romo, Sofia Iriarte Aguirre and Irene Garcia Medina

Today, thanks to the consolidation of Internet, users have access to many sources of information on health issues. On social networks, there are profiles of health professionals who share content that generates credibility when published by specialists who are knowledgeable in the sector. These profiles include pharmaceutical professionals who disseminate and create content based on scientific knowledge. Pharmaceutical influencers on Instagram have an informative role on health, nutrition and cosmetic dermatology issues. This research aims to learn about the communication management of these influencers during the Coronavirus crisis in Spain and how they have modified their habitual discourse, as well as seeking to identify the formats of their publications that generate greater engagement and conversions among their followers.

Volume 19 • Issue 05 • 2020 • Special Issue: COVID-19 and science communication, Part I, 2020

Sep 01, 2020 Commentary
Collective creativity: strategies for catalyzing interdisciplinary research

by Elizabeth LaPensee and Aalap Doshi

Fostering interdisciplinary collaboration is critical for addressing complex research problems. At the earliest stages of research ideation and mobilization, we need to create environments that cultivate collective creativity, curiosity and decision making among those with diverse expertise. The fields of design and design thinking offer excellent tools and approaches for promoting rich conversations while simultaneously navigating ambiguity. Here we describe how design strategies can support team science, specifically as loosely formed groups collaboratively brainstorm around intractable problems.

Volume 19 • Issue 04 • 2020

Jun 29, 2020 Book Review
A comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach to science communication

by Erik Stengler

A comprehensive treatise on science communication from the perspectives of scholars of multiple disciplines, this book contributes a unique compendium of virtually all fields of study that have something to say about the theory and practice of public engagement with science. It is an enriching companion for research, teaching and practice of science communication in all its forms.

Volume 19 • Issue 03 • 2020

Jun 23, 2020 Article
Jornalismo científico: um estudo das interações pelo viés etnográfico

by Thiago Augusto Arlindo Tomaz da Silva Crepaldi and Adriana Cristina Omena dos Santos

O artigo busca responder como os jornalistas de ciências interagem e negociam interesses com os cientistas durante os processos de produção dos conteúdos do Jornalismo Científico. Para responder essa questão de pesquisa, fundamentou-se teórico-metodologicamente no Interacionismo Simbólico e na perspectiva etnográfica. O estudo de campo foi realizado na Divisão de Divulgação Científica da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia e teve como objetivo observar os processos de feitura dos produtos jornalísticas no setor e compreender como se dá a interação dos jornalistas com os cientistas em tal processo. Os achados deste estudo reforçam a importância dos cientistas como fontes de informação e apontam a relevância de manter a boa relação com as fontes, permitindo negociar os interesses, trocar e acessar as informações de forma mais eficiente e aprofundada.

Volume 3 • Issue 01 • 2020

Jun 23, 2020 Article
Comunicando ciência em bares: ‘Pint of Science’ Curitiba em foco

by Débora Cristina Santos, Luciane Palmieri and Camila Silveira

O artigo teve como objeto de investigação o Pint of Science Curitiba, com o intuito de identificar e analisar as estratégias de Comunicação Pública da Ciência adotadas pela coordenação local. Os dados foram constituídos por meio do site oficial, relatórios emitidos pela coordenação local, formulários aplicados ao público e entrevista semiestruturada. As estratégias adotadas são apresentadas em cinco categorias. Destacamos como principais conclusões a expressividade do evento, o atendimento das demandas exigidas pelo público e a potencialidade do Festival como estratégia de Comunicação Científica. Apontamos a necessidade de novos estudos no âmbito nacional sobre adequações do evento à realidade dos brasileiros.

Volume 3 • Issue 01 • 2020

Jun 16, 2020 Commentary
The Australian Science Communicators conference 2020

by Linden Ashcroft, Mia Cobb, Lisa Bailey, Jenny Martin and Scott Daniel

This special issue of JCOM features six commentary articles from the research stream of the Australian Science Communicators conference, held in February 2020. These opportunistic assessments and deliberate analyses explore important themes of trust, engagement, and communication strategy across a diverse range of scientific contexts. Together, they demonstrate the importance of opportunities to come together and share the research that underpins our practice. The conference and these commentaries enable us to engage in professional development during these exceptional times when successful evidence-based science communication is of critical significance.

Volume 19 • Issue 03 • 2020

Jun 16, 2020 Commentary
Are we Foot and Mouth Disease ready?

by Jennifer Manyweathers, Marta Hernandez-Jover, Lynne Hayes, Barton Loechel, Jennifer Kelly, Simone Felton, Marwan El Hassan, Rob Woodgate and Yiheyis Maru

A transdisciplinary pilot study with Australia's livestock industries is bringing multiple stakeholders together as equal partners, to examine the complex problems around animal disease management. These problems include disease surveillance and on-farm biosecurity practices. The pilot groups are established in industries susceptible to foot and mouth disease, namely dairy and beef cattle, pork, sheep and goats. The Agricultural Innovation Systems framework is being evaluated to determine its effectiveness as a tool to improve partnerships between stakeholders. These stakeholders include livestock producers (farmers), private and government veterinarians, local council representatives, and industry personal including from saleyards and abattoirs. Stimulation of innovative solutions to issues arising from conflicting priorities and limited resources around animal disease management are also expected. Using a participatory communication approach, the impact of the pilot on trust and relationships is being evaluated. The sustainability of the Agricultural Innovation Systems approach to address complex issues around animal health management is also being assessed. The aim of the study is to strengthen Australia's preparedness for an emergency animal disease outbreak, such as Foot and Mouth Disease.

Volume 19 • Issue 03 • 2020

Jun 01, 2020 Article
Post-normal science communication: exploring the blurring boundaries of science and journalism

by Michael Brüggemann, Ines Lörcher and Stefanie Walter

This article provides a framework for analysing changes and continuities in science communication. The field is challenged by three contexts: (1) ‘post-normal situations’ of coping with uncertainties, value questions, an urgency to take action, and associated political pressures; (2) a dramatically changing media environment, and (3) a polarizing discourse culture. We refine the concept of post-normal science to make it more applicable to analyse public science communication in an era of digital media networks. Focussing on changes in the interactions between scientists and journalists, we identify two ideal types: normal and post-normal science communication, and conclude that the boundaries of science and journalism are blurring and under renegotiation. Scientists and journalists develop new shared role models, norms, and practices. Both groups are increasingly acting as advocates for common goods that emphasize the emerging norms of post-normal science communication: transparency, interpretation, advocacy and participation.

Volume 19 • Issue 03 • 2020