The role of environmental non-governmental organizations in fisheries: scientific knowledge, its value in lobbying, and its underestimation in debates aimed at solving contingent issues

part of Bridging the gap between science and policy: the importance of mutual respect, trust and the role of mediators

Despite an initial tendency to disregard Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) contributions, NGOs have now entered the fishery world, where debates should be carried out on the basis of different interpretations of sound scientific data. Such an approach is expected to be obvious, but this does not prove to be always true. NGOs and the research body that produced the scientific data are confused by other stakeholders and understanding scientific publications is regarded as not necessary. Further, there is a gap between the progress of scientific knowledge and the scientific approach adopted in policy resolutions. This opens new opportunities to carry out focused scientific communication.